The formation of free radicals can be devastating to the life of a cell. Free radicals are formed by a number of different pathways, one of which is via UV radiation. Oxygen molecules, when in their ground state, are relatively harmless. However, when oxygen molecules are irradiated by UV light and thus reduced by one, two or three electrons, they become highly reactive. These highly reactive free radicals then have the ability to become extremely destructive causing mutagenesis, protein denaturation (the alteration of a protein shape through some form of external stress in such a way that it will no longer be able to carry out its cellular function) and lipid peroxidation (oxidative degradation of lipids which indicates cell stress). When cellular membranes are damaged or proteins are denatured, aging is accelerated.
There is a line of defense though, and that is the enzyme, Superoxide Dismutase.
Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) is an enzymatic antioxidant well known for its role in neutralizing the superoxide free radical. It is widely believed that SOD has the ability to enhance sunscreen products and protect against the damaging effects of the environment. These effects increase the amount of free radicals the body encounters. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), a free radical scavenger, balances out the number of excess radicals, ultimately protecting the skin from unnecessary damage. It soothes the skin and helps combat against photo-aging, leaving the skin looking healthy, radiant and translucent.
– Reduces UV-induced erythema
– Protects against lipid peroxidation - neutralizes the superoxide radical
– Protects against damaging effects of the environment
– Enhances protective effects of suncare products
– Combats photoaging
Superoxide Dismutase is found in our Pure Nourish Firming Toner, Future Advanced Eye Serum, Future Advanced Firming Mask and Future Advanced Serumist ®
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